The ASEAN Journal of Education ASEAN Journal of Education

DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING PROCESS MODEL: THE MORALS AND ETHICS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD IN 21st CENTURY


Pornteap Leethong-in, Kittisak Makpan, Mongkolchai Boonkaew, Pumet Kaewkhieo,


Abstract

One of essential morals and ethics for early childhood in the 21st century is self-discipline. Research aims to 1) develop the model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century, 2) to study effectiveness of the implementation of model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century, 3) evaluate and accept the model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century. This research and development was organized into 4 phrases. Sample was the 80 pupils who was study in the kindergarten under the Nakhonnayok Primary Educational Service Area Office in the educational year 2021. Cluster random sampling was employed in this research. The experimental group has 40 persons who was learning by using the model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century, and the control group which was learning by using the traditional of learning process model has 40 persons. Research instruments consisted of 1) lesson plan of the learning of morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century, 2) evaluation form of the morals and ethics behavior the early childhood in the 21st century, 3) evaluation form of the physical literacy the early childhood, and 4) evaluation and accept form the model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century. The research design which was using in this study was the pretest-posttest control group design. The obtained data was analyzed using mean ( ) standard deviation (S.D.), t-test dependent and content analysis The results showed as follow. 1) The model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century consisted of 7 dimensions, and the efficiency was 81.12 / 82.23 2) Students in the experimental group were higher than the control group at statistical significance at the .01 level, and 3) The model of learning process of the morals and ethics of the early childhood in the 21st century was suitable in the highest level.


Key words: Learning Process Model, Physical Literacy, Morals and Ethics, Early Childhood
     
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